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Louisiana’s Code Noir or Black Code.


"Apparently, history has not yet recorded the exact date when the first Negro slave was brought to Louisiana, although many believe Bienville brought a few West Indies slaves with him about 1708. A few more came during Crozat’s charter period..." Read More

Louisiana Purchase Map. (Used with permission from the Department of Culture, Recreation, and Tourism, State of Louisiana Bicentennial brochure.)

The Louisiana Purchase – 1803

"Fearing Napoleonic France’s control of the mouth of the Mississippi River, and with a desire to preserve and expand the agricultural character of the United States, President Thomas Jefferson sent James Monroe and Robert Livingston to France in early 1803 to negotiate for the purchase of New Orleans and as much land east of the Mississippi River as possible. On April 29, 1803, Napoleon unexpectedly agreed to sell the entire Louisiana Territory for only $15 million..." Read More

The Territorial Period (1803-1812)

The Territorial Period (1803-1812)

"At the turn of the century, by the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso, Spain ceded Louisiana back to France on October l, 1800. The two countries kept the treaty a secret until Napoleon could organize a military expedition to protect the Louisiana Territory from American or British invasion. Abstracts of Civil Records of St. Charles Parish, 1700-1803, Glenn Conrad Entry No. 1887, dated June 9, 1803, verify the passage ..." Read More

A 1765 survey of the Mississippi River by Lieutenant Ross published in 1772 shows the old German fort, established on the east bank across from Karlstein in 1750 by Governor Vaudreuil, was still standing. The survey is published in the Encyclopedia of Forts, Posts, etc. by Powell A. Casey

Indian Unrest

"n 1748, two savage Indian attacks of the east bank German Coast colony caused the settlers to abandon their fields, houses, and livestock and flee either to New Orleans or the west bank settlement near the St. Charles/St. John Parish line. Commandant Darensbourg’s west bank militia lacked sufficient boats to cross the river and protect settlers. Louisiana’s governor sent troops to shoot or capture the Indians but fear of more raids was ingrained in east bank settlers. Because of the Indian unrest ..." Read More